CRJU201-23S1 (C) Semester One 2023

Crime and Justice

15 points

Start Date: Monday, 20 February 2023
End Date: Sunday, 25 June 2023
Withdrawal Dates
Last Day to withdraw from this course:
  • Without financial penalty (full fee refund): Sunday, 5 March 2023
  • Without academic penalty (including no fee refund): Sunday, 14 May 2023


This course introduces students to the principal theories of crime and applies those theories to an understanding of crime in New Zealand.

The Crime and Justice course covers three separate areas, beginning with the evolution of ideas about crime and deviance in the modern world. After tracing the emergence of beliefs from as far back as Greek times, section one considers the 20th Century in some depth, examining the changes in notions about crime and the reasons for their transience. The section closes with a consideration of modern 'critical' criminology and why it grew popular when it did.

The second section is concerned with specific aspects of crime and justice in New Zealand. It examines the dimensions of crime in its various forms, how these changed in the last century and how they compare with other countries. The manner in which the definitions and incidence of crime have been influenced by the political economy lies behind the factual analysis.

The last section of the course deals with corrections, tracing the development of criminal justice through history, and considering how conceptions of punishment have changed in New Zealand over the past one hundred years in particular. Finally, the section examines whether, and to what extent, corrections are able to deal effectively with criminals.

Learning Outcomes

  • After successful completion of this course, you will be able to:

  • Critically examine the development of theoretical perspectives of crime and deviance over time.
  • Explain the practical aspects of crime and justice in New Zealand, as compared to other countries, and demonstrate the connection between theory and the reality of crime.
  • Describe the changing conceptions of punishment through history and the role of corrections in New Zealand.
  • Demonstrate increased competency in the areas of critical thinking, comprehension, and academic writing skills specific to the study of crime and justice.
    • University Graduate Attributes

      This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attributes specified below:

      Critically competent in a core academic discipline of their award

      Students know and can critically evaluate and, where applicable, apply this knowledge to topics/issues within their majoring subject.

      Biculturally competent and confident

      Students will be aware of and understand the nature of biculturalism in Aotearoa New Zealand, and its relevance to their area of study and/or their degree.


Any 15 points at 100 level in SOCI, ANTH, CRJU, or
LAWS, or
any 60 points at 100 level from the Schedule V of the BA.



Equivalent Courses


Course Coordinator / Lecturer

Marozane Spamers


Assessment Due Date Percentage 
Essay 01 May 2023 40%
Weekly Online Quiz 20%
Final Exam 40%

Assessment is likely to consist of weekly quizzes, essays and a final examination.

The assessment will be confirmed in the first week of lectures.

Textbooks / Resources

Required Texts

Burke, Roger Hopkins; An introduction to criminological theory ; Fifth edition; Routledge, 2019.

Stanley, Elizabeth , Bradley, Trevor., Monod de Froideville, Sarah; The Aotearoa handbook of criminology ; Auckland University Press, 2021.

Recommended Reading

Gilbert, Jarrod , Newbold, Greg; Criminal justice : a New Zealand introduction ; Auckland University Press, 2017.

Miller, J. Mitchell. , Schreck, Christopher J., Tewksbury, Richard A; Criminological theory : a brief introduction ; Fourth edition; Pearson, 2015.

Newbold, Greg; Crime, law, and justice in New Zealand ; Routlege, 2016.

Newbold, Greg; The problem of prisons : corrections reform in New Zealand since 1840 ; Dunmore Pub., 2007.

Snipes, Jeffrey B. , Bernard, Thomas J., Gerould, Alexander L; Vold's theoretical criminology ; Eighth edition; Oxford University Press, 2019.

Indicative Fees

Domestic fee $821.00

International fee $3,750.00

* All fees are inclusive of NZ GST or any equivalent overseas tax, and do not include any programme level discount or additional course-related expenses.

Minimum enrolments

This course will not be offered if fewer than 20 people apply to enrol.

For further information see Faculty of Law .

All CRJU201 Occurrences

  • CRJU201-23S1 (C) Semester One 2023